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What causes pyorrhea of the gums

Let us understand what causes pyorrhea of the gums

Our oral health is related to our overall health. Scientific research has shown a link between the bacteria causing dental problems like gum diseases and medical ailments like cardiovascular problems and diabetes. One such common problem is pyorrhea or advanced gum disease. The first question that comes to mind when we talk about it is what causes pyorrhea of the gums. In the information provided below, we will briefly understand what causes pyorrhea of the gums and ways to prevent it – brought to you by Smayate Dental Clinic Delhi.

What is Pyorrhea?

The initial stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis and is limited to soft tissue involvement. The plaque accumulation not effectively cleaned with brushing leads to gum inflammation or gingivitis. As the gum disease advances into the later stages and involves the supporting tissues, it is called periodontitis or pyorrhea. If left untreated, pyorrhea can lead to several complications like tooth mobility and, eventually, tooth loss.  

What causes pyorrhea of the gums

Poor Oral Hygiene

The most common cause of pyorrhea is plaque accumulation. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria deposited on the gums. Improper or inadequate oral hygiene practices lead to plaque accumulation. Plaque, over some time, hardens to form tartar. Tartar irritates the gums and leads to gingivitis, which converts into pyorrhea if not timely treated.


Smoking or chewing tobacco is also a leading contributor to gum disease. They do not directly cause gum disease but indirectly affect the gums by weakening the immune system, affecting the individual’s healing capacity. 


Poor nutrition is also an indirect contributor to gum disease. A diet low in vitamins, especially vitamin C, impairs collagen synthesis and weakens the repair mechanism, increasing gum disease susceptibility.


Hormonal changes during pregnancy and puberty also impact the body’s response to bacteria. The individuals are susceptible to gum disease during these phases of life. 

Medical conditions

Certain systemic illnesses like diabetes affect the body’s immune response to fight with bacteria. It can also compromise your repair response to gum problems.

Prevention based on what causes pyorrhea of the gums

Maintain Optimal Oral Hygiene

The most important step is to maintain proper oral hygiene. Regular brushing and regular flossing are the keys to good oral hygiene. Regular checkups and timely dental cleanings are essential for removing the plaque layer. 

Say No to tobacco

When you quit smoking and using tobacco, it not only improves your general health but also affects your gum health. 

Proper diet

A well-balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals is essential for gum health. Ensure you take ample amounts of vitamin C through natural sources like citrus fruits for optimum gum health.

Regular Dental Check-ups

Regular checkups with our team at Smayate Dental Clinic Delhi are important to notice any early signs of gum disease to prevent the risk of progression into pyorrhea by taking necessary measures.

The bottom line

There are various causes of pyorrhea, but with the right knowledge and taking necessary measures, we can stop the progression of initial gum disease into pyorrhea. Being proactive and maintaining good oral health not only means good teeth but also good overall systemic health.

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